Max Pechstein: “Seine Bridge with Freight Barges”

The brilliant forger. Wolfgang Beltracchi was arrested in 2010 by the German police. He was accused of having forged at least 30 paintings, and having sold them for $45 million. He was sentenced to six years in prison and confessed to forging paintings by Max Ernst, Heinrich Campendonk, Andre Derain, and Max Pechstein among others. As it turned out, he and his wife managed to deceive the art world for more than 40 years.

What did the experts say. In the advent of the affair, experts found out that when manufacturing this piece, the forger used a projector to cast images of Pechstein watercolors and ink drawings onto canvas, then traced larger copies, using oil paint. By this method he shoud have been able to reproduce Pechstein’s brushstroke very accurately. Nevertheless, our AI System was able to recognize the imitation, and classified the piece as ‘not-authentic’ with a probability of 94.75%!

The brushstroke and a provocative thought. In general brushstrokes appear as texture areas distinguishing themselves from other significant contours. Moreover, in local areas containing strong stroke characteristics, the stroke-like line segments show a clear directionality. Based on these observations, at Art Recognition we have devised an algorithm to extract the orientation, shape, width and length of brushstrokes. This information is then fed into the AI System through a so called ‘style and content algorithm’.
On the analyzed painting, the individual brushstrokes are clearly visible and pronounced. The AI has classifed the submitted image as fake, hence it follows that there is mismatch between the brushstroke learned from the training images vs the submitted piece. This finding raises the question why the art experts who initially issued a positive evaluation failed to notice this difference.

For more information just write us a message on contact@art-recognition.com and we will be in touch shortly.

Max Pechstein: “Seine Bridge with Freight Barges”

The brilliant forger. Wolfgang Beltracchi was arrested in 2010 by the German police. He was accused of having forged at least 30 paintings, and having sold them for $45 million. He was sentenced to six years in prison and confessed to forging paintings by Max Ernst, Heinrich Campendonk, Andre Derain, and Max Pechstein among others. As it turned out, he and his wife managed to deceive the art world for more than 40 years.
 

What did the experts say. In the advent of the affair, experts found out that when manufacturing this piece, the forger used a projector to cast images of Pechstein watercolors and ink drawings onto canvas, then traced larger copies, using oil paint. By this method he shoud have been able to reproduce Pechstein’s brushstroke very accurately. Nevertheless, our AI System was able to recognize the imitation, and classified the piece as ‘not-authentic’ with a probability of 94.75%!

The brushstroke and a provocative thought. In general brushstrokes appear as texture areas distinguishing themselves from other significant contours. Moreover, in local areas containing strong stroke characteristics, the stroke-like line segments show a clear directionality. Based on these observations, at Art Recognition we have devised an algorithm to extract the orientation, shape, width and length of brushstrokes. This information is then fed into the AI System through a so called ‘style and content algorithm’.

On the analyzed painting, the individual brushstrokes are clearly visible and pronounced. The AI has classifed the submitted image as fake, hence it follows that there is mismatch between the brushstroke learned from the training images vs the submitted piece. This finding raises the question why the art experts who initially issued a positive evaluation failed to notice this difference.

For more information just write us a message on contact@art-recognition.com and we will be in touch shortly.